Answers to IES/ISS 2012 Exam Questions

Q. In the context of motions moved by Parliament, what is the ‘ cut motion’ and what are its types? ( 50 words : 3 Marks: IES/ISS 2012)

Cut motion is a veto power given to the member of the Loks Sabha to oppose a demand in the financial bill discussed by the government. This can turn into an effective tool to test the strength of the government. If a cut motion is adopted by the House and the government does not have the numbers, it is obliged to resign. Speaker enjoys the right to reject and admit the cut motion.
Types: a. Disapproval of policy cut b. Economic Cut c. Token Cut

Q. What do you understand by the term “ Counter Urbanization” in Indian Context? ( 50 Words: 3 Marks: IES/ISS 2012)
Counter urbanisation is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas. Population explosion and lack of proper basic amenities like drinking water supply to homes, sewage facilities in villages, continuous supply of electricity, education facilities, employment opportunities for working age population in one's own village and nearby towns, good health care facilities and transport facilities are driving people from villages and towns to cities. Policy measures to be adopted for to control urbanization.

Q. Bring out the concept and salient highlights of Forensic Auditing (FA)? ( 50 words : 3 Marks: IES/ISS 2012)

Forensic audit involves examination of legalities by blending the techniques of propriety (VFM audit), regularity and investigative and financial audits. The objective is to find out whether or not true business value has been reflected in the financial statements and in the course of examination to find whether any fraud has taken place.

Q. What are Support Vector Machine ( SVMs) and what are their important applications? ( 50 Words : 3 Marks : IES/ISS 2012)

Support Vector Machine ( SVM) is a computer algorithm that learns by example to assign labels to objects, and it can be applied to the problems of classification and/or regression. For instance, an SVM can learn to recognize fraudulent credit card activity by examining hundreds or thousands of activity reports. Alternatively, an SVM can learn to recognize handwritten digits by examining a large collection of scanned images of handwritten zeroes, ones and so forth. It has application in bio-medical field as well, which is the automatic classification of microarray gene expression profiles.

Q. What is the significance of qubits in computing? Mention any recent significant advances in this area. ( 50 words : 3 Marks : IES/ISS 2012)

A qubit is a quantum bit , the counterpart in quantum computing to the binary digit or bit of classical computing. Just as a bit is the basic unit of information in a classical computer, a qubit is the basic unit of information in a quantum computer. A qubit can take both zero and one simultaneously.

The recent advancement is without quantum entanglement, the quantum computer can run.

Q. Comment on the work for which Alvin Roth and Lloyd Shapely have won the Nobel Prize 2012 in Economics.

Alvin Roth and Lloyd Shapely have won the Nobel Prize for their work on the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design.

Their work focuses on the situations where the prices cannot be used at all to allocate resources and how supply and demand matches.

Q. Comment on the applications of linkages of Global Positioning System ( GPS) technology with Geographical Information Systems ( GISs).

GPS can be incorporated into GIS by using a GPS device to collect points, lines, or polygons, which can be imported into a GIS application for future analysis and interpretation.

Combining the GPS data with GIS allows for greater capabilities than what GPS and GIS can provide individually. With the combination of two technologies one is able to display the “FIELD/ACTUAL SITE” on a PC and make informed decisions. There is no need to make specific site visits or review several documents/drawings. Also, another benefit of the integration is the fact that the data can be shared by unlimited users in various departments for their own specific needs and analysis.