Facts related to Indian Governance- Useful for for CLAT, BBA and other Law Entrance Exams

First Source of Law
Manusmriti
First Law Giver
Manu
Earliest era in Codified Laws
Gupta Dynasty Reign(335-445 B.C)
First Federal Court
Stated functioning in December 1937 in Delhi to decide any dispute between Centre and States under the then prevailing the Government of India Act, 1935. The Court functioned for 13 years till the Supreme Court started Functioning
First Chief Justice of Federal Court
Maurice Gwyer
First Chief Justice of Supreme Court
H.J. Kaniya
First President of India
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
First Vice-President of India
Dr. Sarvpalli Radha Krishnan
First Prime Minister of India
Jawahar Lal Nehru
First Deputy Prime Minister of India
Vallabhbhai Patel
First Woman President of India
Pratibha Devi Singh Patil
First Woman Prime Minister of India
Mrs. Indira Gandhi
First Chief Justice of Federal Court in India
Maurice Gawver
First Chief Justice of Supreme Court in India
H.J. Kaniya
First Woman Judge of Supreme Court in India
Meera Fatima Beevi appointed Judge of Supreme Court in 1989. She is the Second Woman in the World after Sandra Day O'Conner of the US to be appointed to this high office.
First Woman Chief Justice of a High Court in India
Leila Seth
First Woman Judge of a High Court in India
Anna Chandi
First Indian to become Judge of a High Court in India
Justice Syed Mehamood (1978)
First Woman Judge in India
Anna Chandi
First Lady Magistrate
Omana Kunjamma
First Woman Advocate in India
Cornelia Sorabji
First Indian Judge of International Court of Justice
Dr. Nagendra Singh
First High Court/Oldest High Court
Calcutta high Court established in 1862
First Attorney General of India
M.C. Setalvad
First Solicitor General of India
C.K. Daphtary
First Public Prosecutor in India
S. Subramania Iyer was appointed as public prosecutor at Madras in 1887.
First Bar-at-Law
J.M. Tagore
First Speaker of Lok Sabha
G.V. Mavlankar
First Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha
Meira Kumar
First Woman President of UN General Assembly
Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit
First Woman Governor of a State
Mrs. Sarojini Naidu